Accession Number : ADA132397

Title :   Diffusion and Sorption of Cyclohexane Vapor in SBS and SBR Copolymers.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,


Personal Author(s) : Caneba,Gerald T ; Soong,David S ; Prausnitz,John M

PDF Url : ADA132397

Report Date : 30 Aug 1983

Pagination or Media Count : 35

Abstract : Diffusion and sorption of cyclohexane vapor in styrene-butadiene copolymers were used to study the morphology of an SBS triblock copolymer (29.3 wt % styrene) cast from different solvents. The weight gain or loss of this SBS and several SBR (5, 23, 45 and 85 wt % S content) samples were continuously monitored at 40 C and at penetrant pressures of 30, 60, 90 and 120 torr. Significant differences exist in the equilibrium sorption among the different samples. Possible reasons for this observation are explored. The one corroborated by dynamic mechanical measurements attributes the differences to varying interphase volume fractions. The interphase region separating the PB and PS phases in SBS was assumed to be a continuous profile of equivalent SBR with different S contents. Experimental results, coupled with simple calculations, indicated that the overall interphase volume fraction in the SBS are 0.28 for the MEK/THF-cast (1:9 volume ratio of MEK and THF) sample, 0.15 for the toluene-cast sample, and 0.04 for the cyclohexane-cast sample.

Descriptors :   *Block copolymers, *Cyclohexanes, *Chemical reactions, Styrene plastics, Butadienes, Vapors, Diffusion coefficient, Sorption, Penetration, Comparison

Subject Categories : Polymer Chemistry

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE