Accession Number : ADA132604

Title :   Cases of Project Upgrade: Results of Interview Studies in 14 Fleet Units.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,


Personal Author(s) : Bowers,David G ; Krauz,Leslie S ; Denison,Daniel R

PDF Url : ADA132604

Report Date : Aug 1983

Pagination or Media Count : 86

Abstract : Interviews conducted in 14 units, around 44 Upgrade cases, provided data which were coded in two distinct ways: (1) at the level of the individual Upgrade case, and (2) at the level of the unit. Results show that there were five distinct types of Upgrade individuals (termed Rebels, Failures, Burnouts, Dropouts, and Sociopaths) and that the incidence of these cases is related to the management orientation present in the unit. Where the orientation of the unit can best be described as one consonant with human resources, fewer Upgrade cases resulted. However, where the orientation was toward the immediate task, the incidence was considerably higher. Drugs and alcohol were involved in most cases, but appear not to have been instrumental causes of the behavior deterioration present in any except the burnout type. Even in this case, it is not clear whether behavior deterioration resulted from drugs and alcohol or whether the deterioration, like drug usage and alcohol consumption, were the result of something else. In any event, it does not seem likely that such individuals can be effectively screened out in advance. It appears that for a large percentage of them the dysfunctional behavior was typed at some point after entering the service -- by events in the service environment or back home.

Descriptors :   *Military separation, *Naval personnel, Behavior, Deterioration, Personality, Drug abuse, Alcohol consumption, Interviewing, Case studies, Military commanders, Human resources, Personnel management, Interpersonal relations, Policies, Organizations, Morale, Attitudes(Psychology), Ship personnel, Dysfunction, Performance(Human), Skills, Personnel selection, Release, Factor analysis

Subject Categories : Psychology
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE