Accession Number : ADA132911

Title :   Microscopic Examinations of Surfaces Exposed by Cutting Ice-Rich Frozen Sands with a Wire Saw.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Oct 79-May 83,


Personal Author(s) : Rein,Robert G , Jr

PDF Url : ADA132911

Report Date : Aug 1983

Pagination or Media Count : 20

Abstract : A wire saw was used to cut sections of ice-rich frozen sands. Low-power (10X to 40X) microspcopic examination of surfaces created by cutting indicated that the saw cut through sand particles and did not dislodge particles from the ice matrix or cause damage to the ice matrix. Optimum cutting parameters for the saw are given. These parameters are consistent with parameters determined in a previous study which used a wire saw to cut frozen silts and loams. A fibre-optics illumination system provided adequate illumination for microscopic examinations. With fibre-optics illumination systems, frozen samples can be observed for long times without melting the samples. Ice-particle interfaces, large cracks, and air bubbles were observable with low power microscopy. However, focusing problems, and apparent debris from cutting, limited microphotography of these features and precluded examinations at higher magnifications.

Descriptors :   *Soil mechanics, *Freezing, *Test methods, Sand, Cutting, Saws, Cross sections, Microstructure, Microscopy, Fiber optics, Microphotography, Surface properties

Subject Categories : Soil Mechanics
      Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE