Accession Number : ADA133034

Title :   The Maritime Security of the Baltic Approaches. NATO and the Warsaw Pact.

Descriptive Note : Master's thesis,

Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA

Personal Author(s) : Gaudio,Jan Cody

PDF Url : ADA133034

Report Date : Jun 1983

Pagination or Media Count : 179

Abstract : This research provides an analysis of the current maritime security threat to the Baltic Approaches posed by Warsaw Pact military expansion. Nordic regional security is discussed in order to determine the importance of the region from both the Warsaw Pact and NATO perspective. The role of Finnish and Swedish neutrality as well as the roles of NATO and Warsaw Pact allies are examined in terms of capability, resolve and national interests. Denmark, as the geographic key to the Baltic, is discussed in particular depth. As Soviet pressures have increased in Danish territorial waters and airspace, Denmark's support for NATO has been questioned. The contribution of the Federal Republic of Germany, militarily NATO's strongest Baltic ally, is also reviewed. The regional balance in the Baltic has moved in favor of the Soviet led Warsaw Pact. However, Soviet political and military pressure has been relatively ineffective and even counterproductive to date. Both Denmark and the FRG remain firmly entrenched in NATO. Neutral Sweden has become even more firmly committed to defend Swedish territory from Warsaw Pact encroachments. Possible options are explored to enable NATO to shift the regional balance in the direction of stable deterrence and provide renewed security to the Baltic Sea and its approaches. (Author)

Descriptors :   *Naval operations, *Area security, *Baltic Sea, *Joint military activities, *Defense planning, Military forces(Foreign), NATO, Warsaw Pact Countries, Fleets(Ships), Threats, North Atlantic Ocean, Deterrence, Sweden, Norway, West Germany, East Germany, Poland, USSR, Denmark, Theses

Subject Categories : Naval Surface Warfare

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE