Accession Number : ADA133125

Title :   Fort Independence: An Eighteenth-Century Frontier Homesite and Militia Post in South Carolina.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : BUILDING CONSERVATION TECHNOLOGY INC NASHVILLE TN

Personal Author(s) : Bastian,Beverly E

PDF Url : ADA133125

Report Date : Dec 1982

Pagination or Media Count : 196

Abstract : The procedures and results of archaeological testing and mitigation at the site of Revolutionary period Fort Independence, South Carolina (38AB218), are presented along with the procedures and results of exhaustive historical research on the site, including South Carolina backcountry settlement and the Revolutionary War as it affected that area. Initially a frontier plantation, Fort Independence was purchased by South Carolina in 1777 and garrisoned with an independent company detached from the state line. Functioning primarily as a deterrent to the restive Cherokees and Creeks Independence was important in maintaining South Carolina's frontier at a critical time. The fort was burned by Torries in early 1779. Archaeologically, Fort Independence was found to be a square, log stockade with three bastions, surrounding a well-built log plantation house. Various aspects of these remains are described and discussed. Identifications and analyses of recovered artifacts are presented along with comparisons to other archaeologically known eighteenth-century occupations. (Author)

Descriptors :   *ARCHEOLOGY, SOUTH CAROLINA, HISTORY, CULTURE, SITES, FORTIFICATIONS, SAMPLING, ARTIFACTS

Subject Categories : Humanities and History

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE