
Accession Number : ADA133847
Title : A Random Walk Subject to a Randomly Changing Environment.
Descriptive Note : Research rept.,
Corporate Author : CALIFORNIA UNIV BERKELEY OPERATIONS RESEARCH CENTER
Personal Author(s) : Ross,Sheldon M
PDF Url : ADA133847
Report Date : Sep 1983
Pagination or Media Count : 17
Abstract : A common model for the changes over time of the price (or sometimes the logarithm of the price) of a commodity is the random walk model. This is a Markov model which supposes that the change in price in any time period is a random variable, independent of the past, and having a given distribution F. In this note, we propose a generalized model in which the distribution of price change at any time depends upon the (environmental state' at that time. That is, we suppose that if sub Sn and sub Yn represent the price and the environmental state at time in n then, given sub Yn = i, sub Sn+1  Sn is a random variable with distribution Fi. We also suppose that the environmental state changes in a Markovian fashion. An application of this model to a stock option example is presented. (Author)
Descriptors : *Monte Carlo method, *Operations research, Random variables, Costs, Probability, Markov processes, Environments
Subject Categories : Operations Research
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE