Accession Number : ADA133855

Title :   Integration of Detectors with Optical Waveguide Structures.

Descriptive Note : Interim technical rept. 15 Mar 82-14 Mar 83,

Corporate Author : CINCINNATI UNIV OH

Personal Author(s) : Boyd,J T

PDF Url : ADA133855

Report Date : 15 May 1983

Pagination or Media Count : 40

Abstract : Progress in several areas regarding the integration of photodetector arrays with optical waveguide structures is presented. A photosensor element suitable for incorporation into charge-coupled device (CCD) imaging arrays in which the charge injected into the CCD is proportional to the logarithm of incident light intensity has been successfully demonstrated. The photosensor element consists of a photodiode directly coupled to a two stage MOSFET common source amplifier. This element occupies an area of 25 micron x 100 micron and is arranged so that it could be incorporated into a linear CCD imaging array having a period of 25 micron. A logarithmic response is measured over a 68.6 dB range of incident light intensity with a sensitivity of 55 mV per decade of light intensity. The concept of illuminating a silicon photodetector along an edge to increase the light propagation path through the depletion region and thus to increase quantum efficiency at near infrared wavelengths has also been successfully demonstrated. Quantum efficiency measurements using both a GaAlAs laser and a HeNe laser are included. These measurements show an improvement in quantum efficiency at lambda = 0.83 micron for edge illumination over normal incidence of 75% for a photodiode and of 142% for a MOS capacitor photosensor.

Descriptors :   *Integrated systems, *Optical waveguides, *Photodetectors, *Gallium arsenides, Charge coupled devices, Semiconductor lasers, Quantum efficiency, Light transmission, Near infrared radiation, Lithium niobates, Logarithm functions, Images, Silicates, Intensity, Integration, Illumination, Structures, Response, Regions, Detectors, Measurement, Silicon, Light, Depletion, Paths, Arrays, Edges

Subject Categories : Electrical and Electronic Equipment
      Fiber Optics and Integrated Optics
      Solid State Physics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE