Accession Number : ADA134608

Title :   The Strategic Implications of Civil Defense.

Descriptive Note : Strategic issues research memo.,


Personal Author(s) : Weinstein,John M

PDF Url : ADA134608

Report Date : 05 May 1983

Pagination or Media Count : 50

Abstract : This memorandum explores the relationship between civil defense, national vulnerabilities and the deterrence of nuclear warfare between the Soviet Union and the United States. The author examines the problems and effectiveness of the major elements of Soviet civil defenses (leadership and population protection; industrial protection; and postattack recovery) to determine whether, and to what extent, the Soviet capabilities undermine crisis stability and deterrence. The proposals of the Carter (PD-41) and Reagan (NSDD-26) administrations to strengthen deterrence and to reduce national destruction should deterrence fail are evaluated to determine whether the United States should augment and modernize its civil defenses. Americans will evacuate high risk areas in the event of a crisis, and it remains the responsibility of government to minimize the chaos and moderate the effects with some prior planning. The costs of such plans, relative to competing strategic military systems and programs, are rather modest. The author is skeptical, however, about the utility and cost-effectiveness of the extensive blast shelter program advocated by some civil defense proponents in the United States. (Author)

Descriptors :   *Civil defense, *Strategic analysis, Vulnerability, Western security(International), United States, USSR, Nuclear warfare, Deterrence, Postattack operations, Crisis management, Relocation, Balance of power, Recovery, Protection, Evacuation

Subject Categories : Administration and Management
      Government and Political Science
      Civil Defense
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE