Accession Number : ADA134777

Title :   Chemical Characterization and Toxicologic Evaluation of Airborne Mixtures. Chemical Characterization of Army Colored Smokes: Inventory Smoke Mixes (Red, Violet, Yellow, and Green).

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1980-1981,


Personal Author(s) : Rubin,I B ; Buchanan,M V

PDF Url : ADA134777

Report Date : Jun 1983

Pagination or Media Count : 60

Abstract : Red, violet, yellow and green inventory smoke mixes were fractionated by vacuum sublimation, differential solubility and liquid chromatography. Two unique components, benzanthrone and dibenzochrysenedione were purified by the same methods. Major components of the smoke mixes were isolated and identified by comparison to the pure dyes using a variety of instrumental techniques. A number of contaminants at very minor levels were identified by gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy. All of the smoke mixes contained relatively large quantities (10-25 percent) of chloroform insoluble or non-volatile undifferentiated carbonaceous material.

Descriptors :   *Colored smokes, *Dyes, Toxicology, Mixtures, Isolation, Fractionation, Army equipment, Identification, Chemical analysis

Subject Categories : Toxicology
      Organic Chemistry
      Ammunition and Explosives

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE