Accession Number : ADA135262

Title :   Positive and Negative Reinforcement Effects on Behavior in a Three-Person Microsociety.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV BALTIMORE MD DEPT OF PSYCHIATRY

Personal Author(s) : Emurian,H H ; Brady,J V ; Meyerhoff,J L ; Mougey,E H

PDF Url : ADA135262

Report Date : 01 Dec 1983

Pagination or Media Count : 62

Abstract : Three-person groups of males (G1, G2, and G4) and females (G3) resided for 6 to 12 days in a continuously programmed environment. Subjects followed a behavioral program that determined the sequential and contingent relationships within an inventory of activities. During a positive reinforcement day, each work unit completed by a subject incremented a group account that was divided evenly among the 3 participants at the study's conclusion. During a negative reinforcement day, no money was earned, and the group was assigned a work unit criterion to accomplish to avoid a reduction in accumulated earnings. During avoidance days, subjects exhibited aggressive responses, which differed in magnitude among the 4 groups, as determined from several distinct behavioral measures that reflected the overall status of the microsociety. These effects appear to fall within the conceptual and procedural framework that encompasses analyses of by-products of aversive control, and they suggest that similar variables are operative.

Descriptors :   *Group dynamics, *Behavior, Males, Females, Response(Biology)

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE