Accession Number : ADA136368

Title :   A Nonlinear Eigenvalue Problem Modelling the Avalanche Effect in Semiconductor Diodes.

Descriptive Note : Technical summary rept.,


Personal Author(s) : Markowich,P A

PDF Url : ADA136368

Report Date : Nov 1983

Pagination or Media Count : 26

Abstract : This paper is concerned with the analysis of the solution set of the two-point boundary value problems modelling the avalanche effect in semiconductor diodes for negative applied voltage. We interpret the avalanche-model as a nonlinear eigenvalue problem (with the current as eigen parameter) and show (using a priori estimates and a well known theorem on the structure of solution sets of nonlinear eigenvalue problems for compact operators) that there exists an unbounded continuum of solutions which contains a solution corresponding to every negative voltage. This effect (also called avalanche generation) is characterized by a sudden increase of the current flowing through the device starting at a certain negative voltage. Physically, the diode breaks down shortly after the onset of avalanche generation. Therefore, it was conjectured that there is a threshold voltage beyond which no solutions of the avalanche model exists. We show that this conjecture is false; more precisely a continuous branch of solution along which every negative voltage and every negative bias is assumed (at least once) exists. Mathematically, the avalanche-effect only becomes apparent through an exponential increase of the absolute value of the current starting at a certain negative voltage.

Descriptors :   *Boundary value problems, *Eigenvalues, Nonlinear analysis, Semiconductor diodes, Avalanche effect(Electronics), Mathematical models, Theorems, Ionization

Subject Categories : Electrical and Electronic Equipment
      Numerical Mathematics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE