Accession Number : ADA138286

Title :   The Effects of Aperture Antennas after Signal Propagation through Anisotropic Ionized Media.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,


Personal Author(s) : Knepp,D L

PDF Url : ADA138286

Report Date : 01 Mar 1983

Pagination or Media Count : 76

Abstract : Because of the large ranges involved, a space based search and track radar requires a large aperture antenna to increase the energy collected and to create a narrow beam for accurate angle measurements and for resistance to localized jammers. This report gives the effects of such an antenna on measurements of received power, decorrelation time (or distance), mean time delay, time delay jitter and coherence bandwidth after propagation of the radar signal through a strongly disturbed transionospheric propagation channel. It is shown that aperture averaging can reduce observed signal power, increase observed decorrelation time and can be a significant factor in reducing the time delay jitter observed at the antenna output. As part of this analysis an analytic solution is obtained for the two-position, two-frequency mutual coherence function for spherical wave propagation in the strong scatter limit. Transmitter and receiver are located in free-space on opposite sides of a thick slab containing anisotropic electron density irregularities that are elongated in the direction parallel to the magnetic field. The orientation of the magnetic result is used to determine the effect of an antenna aperture as a function of geometry relative to the magnetic field.

Descriptors :   *Antenna Apertures, *Satellite Communications, Antennas, Ionospheric Propagation, Scintillation

Subject Categories : Atmospheric Physics
      Active & Passive Radar Detection & Equipment
      Plasma Physics and Magnetohydrodynamics
      Radiofrequency Wave Propagation
      Non-radio Communications

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE