Accession Number : ADA138391

Title :   Millimeter Wave Metal-Insulator-Metal Detector/Mixer Diode.

Descriptive Note : Final technical rept. May 81-Jul 83,


Personal Author(s) : Yu,C

PDF Url : ADA138391

Report Date : Dec 1983

Pagination or Media Count : 51

Abstract : This report describes the fabrication of metal-insulator-metal (MIM) structures for use as broadband detectors and mixers in the microwave and mm region. Two types of structures have been fabricated: a point contact diode based on a tungsten whisker in contact with a nickel post through its natural oxide layer (MOM), and a planar diode fabricated by deposition of discontinuous metal films on a glass substrate. Primary efforts were directed at overcoming the known instability of the point contact diode and improving the low responsivity of the planar film diode. The final MOM point contact diode acquired a controlled hooked whisker tip that demonstrated sufficient cushioning action against ambient vibrations and provided a free and end pointing slightly away from the junction area, thus introducing minimum degradation to diode performance. This enabled the diode to better accommodate thermal expansion under high power radiation with little degradation of performance. The nickel coated quartz post resolved the problem of significant variations in the metal-metal spacing due to ambient temperature fluctuations. Such a diode has shown stable X band detected output with less than 10% signal level fluctuations over three weeks under room temperature fluctuations form 50 F to 95 F and normal room vibrations.

Descriptors :   *Detectors, *Mixers(Electronics), *Diodes, *Junctions, Millimeter waves, Metal films, X band, V band, High power, Performance(Engineering), Planar structures, Ambient noise, Deposition, Temperature, Normality, Films, Oxides, Nickel, Layers, Degradation, Glass, Radiation, Aiming, Degradation, Vibration, Substrates, Broadband, Variations

Subject Categories : Electrical and Electronic Equipment

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE