Accession Number : ADA138401

Title :   Improper Ferroelectricity: A Theoretical and Experimental Investigation.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. no. 1, 15 Oct 76-15 Oct 83,


Personal Author(s) : Hardy,J R ; Ullman,F G

PDF Url : ADA138401

Report Date : 03 Feb 1984

Pagination or Media Count : 13

Abstract : A combined theoretical and experimental study has been made of the origins and properties of the improper ferroelectricity associated with structural modulations of non-zero wavelengths. Two classes of materials have been studied: rare earth molybdates (specifically, gadolinium molybdate: GMO), and potassium selenate and its isomorphs. In the former, the modulation is produced by a zone boundary phonon instability, and in the latter by the instability of a phonon of wave vector approximately two-thirds of the way to the zone-boundary. In the second case the initial result is a modulated structure whose repeat distance is not a rational multiple of the basic lattice repeat distance. This result is a modulated polarization which, when the basic modulation locks in to a rational multiple of the lattice spacing, becomes uniform, and improper ferroelectricity results. The origins of these effects have been elucidated by theoretical studies, initially semi-empirical, but subsequently from first-principles. These complemented the experimental work, which primarily used inelastic light scattering, uniaxial stress, and hydrostatic pressure, to probe the balance between the interionic forces through the effects on the phonons and dielectric properties.

Descriptors :   *Ferroelectricity, *Lattice dynamics, Transitions, Ferroelectric crystals, Potassium compounds, Selenium

Subject Categories : Crystallography
      Electricity and Magnetism

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE