Accession Number : ADA138965

Title :   Non-Invasive Methods of Cardiovascular Exploration in Aerospace Medicine.


Personal Author(s) : Carre,R ; Amoretti,R ; Coignard,A ; Colin,J ; Didier,A

PDF Url : ADA138965

Report Date : Dec 1983

Pagination or Media Count : 210

Abstract : Non-invasive cardiological methods are useful in the expert medical examination of flying personnel since, because they are non-invasive, they are readily accepted by the subjects. They provide easily reproducible records which can be used to compare the findings of one examination with those of another. These records can be included in a case record and constitute medico-legal evidence. These examinations can be divided into three categories: (1) The standard electrocardiogam and cardiac X-ray are obligatory additions to expert clinical examination, which forms the basis of cardiological assessment. (2) In some special cases, the expert may employ complementary examinations: exercise test with electrocardiographic recording, Holter 24-hour electrocardiographic monitoring, echocardiography with its various modalities - TM, two-dimensional, ultra sound, isotopic exploration. (3) The special cardiological tests are useful either as a complementary examination in the expert medical examination or else for the purpose of physiological research in aeronautical or space medicine. These include: Rheocardiography with determination of the intervals of systolic time, balistocardiography, tilt table, LBNP-test and centrifuge. With the introduction of new fighter aircraft with more sudden, severe and prolonged accelerations, these cardiological methods will probably become more important. The aim of some of these tests will be to establish more accurately the organic or functional integrity of the cardiovascular system. Other tests, especially those known as special tests will be used as a selection tests intended to pick out the candidates best able to tolerate the most extreme accelerations.

Descriptors :   *Aerospace medicine, *Cardiovascular system, Electrocardiography, Exercise(Physiology), Flight crews, Cardiology, Monitoring, NATO

Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Stress Physiology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE