Accession Number : ADA140763

Title :   A Brief History of the Use of Simulation Techniques in Training and Performance Assessment,

Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH INST OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE NATICK MA

Personal Author(s) : Stein,E S ; Kobrick,J L

PDF Url : ADA140763

Report Date : 27 Apr 1984

Pagination or Media Count : 19

Abstract : Simulation might be generally viewed as a form of controlled fantasy with a finite and functional purpose. Fantasy and imagination are universal features of human life, and have several constructive aspects, including the release of tension. The potential uses of simulation in research and Army training are many and diverse. The main advantages of using simulation techniques are lower cost, greater control and higher safety conditions. An effective simulation must place human participants in a realistic situation or operational environment where they can perform their actual duties. This behavior will be a function both of what they bring with them (skills, knowledge, abilities, motivation), and the contingencies established by the situation. By balancing the fidelity required to get the job done against the operating cost to achieve it, researchers and trainers can create settings which motivate participants and allow them to perform their tasks as they would in the real world.

Descriptors :   *War games, *Computerized simulation, *Army training, Army research, Performance(Human), Optimization, Teaching methods, Man computer interface, Skills, Education, Cost effectiveness, Operational effectiveness

Subject Categories : Humanities and History
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE