Accession Number : ADA141191

Title :   The Soviet Officer Personnel Management System.

Descriptive Note : Student essay,


Personal Author(s) : Wood,M L

PDF Url : ADA141191

Report Date : 06 Apr 1984

Pagination or Media Count : 34

Abstract : What are the major components of the Soviet Officer Personnel Management System (SOPMS)? Are the prescribed procedures and the actual working procedures mutually supportive? Information analyzed was gathered from current Soviet public media documents, defectors, Soviet emigrants and contemporary unclassified publications. The Soviet military educational subsystem from preliminary training courses through their senior service college is reviewed as are the subsystems of promotions, distributions/assignments and separations. SOPMS and its subsystems look good on paper, but the increasing Soviet media exposure of officer corruption and examples of poorer leadership depict major weaknesses/failures in the system. The triple chain of command supervisory system (Army, KGB, Communist Party) stifles initiative and often works in divergent directions. Loyalty to one's supervisor takes priority over loyalty to the army. Taking care of oneself comes before taking care of one's troops. Soviet officials are aware of the gulf between prescribed and actual practices and have instituted programs to close the gap and improve the officer corps, e.g., better schools, better training. Afghanistan is being used as a training ground to encourage more initiative in leadership exercises on the part of officers. SOPMS has improved in the last decade and the Soviet officer probably is better than his World War 2 counterpart. The final verdict on whether SOPMS is successful or not will have to be decided at a much later date or on a future battle field.

Descriptors :   *USSR, *Officer personnel, *Personnel management, *Military training, Leadership, Deficiencies, Leadership training, Afghanistan, Promotion(Advancement), Education

Subject Categories : Humanities and History

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE