Accession Number : ADA180389

Title :   Species Profiles. Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of Coastal Fishes and Invertebrates (South Atlantic). WHITE SHRIMP,

Corporate Author : MISSISSIPPI COOPERATIVE FISH AND WILDLIFE RESEARCH UNIT MISSISSIPPI STATE

Personal Author(s) : Muncy,Robert J.

Report Date : SEP 1984

Pagination or Media Count : 29

Abstract : Species profiles are literature summaries of the taxonomy, morphology, range, life history, and environmental requirements of aquatic species. They are prepared to assist in environmental impact assessment. The white shrimp, Penaeus setiferus, is the most important commercial species in the Southern United States. It serves an important ecological role as food for other large invertebrates and fishes. Major bait industry is in northeast Florida and Georgia. Spawning occurs offshore within 9-m depth contour where salinities are at least 27 ppt. In spring, postlarval shrimp move with tidal currents into inshore estuarine waters. Juvenile white shrimp prefer shallow organichich substrate with low salinities (1-10 ppt). Nearshore soft sediment areas correlated well with white and brown shrimp distributions. Water temperature influences spawning, growth, habitat selection, emigration, and mortality. Low winter temperatures have greatly affected survival, recruitment, and harvest in the South Atlantic fishery. Maintaining suitable nursery grounds is a major concern for the future of the fishery. Keywords: Estuaries.

Descriptors :   *FISHES, *SHRIMP, COASTAL REGIONS, COMMERCIAL EQUIPMENT, DISTRIBUTION, DOCUMENTS, ECOLOGY, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT, ENVIRONMENTS, ESTUARIES, FISHERIES, FLORIDA, FOOD, GEORGIA, HABITATS, HISTORY, INSHORE AREAS, INVERTEBRATES, LIFE(BIOLOGY), LOW TEMPERATURE, PROFILES, REQUIREMENTS, SEDIMENTS, SELECTION, SOUTH ATLANTIC OCEAN, SOUTH(DIRECTION), SUBSTRATES, SURVIVAL(GENERAL), TAXONOMY, TEMPERATURE, TIDAL CURRENTS, UNITED STATES, WATER, WINTER, LIFE CYCLES, REPRODUCTION(PHYSIOLOGY), MARINE BIOLOGY

Subject Categories : Biology
      Biological Oceanography

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE