Accession Number : ADA180396

Title :   Species Profiles. Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of Coastal Fishes and Invertebrates (Gulf of Mexico). GULF MENHADEN,

Corporate Author : NATIONAL COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS TEAM SLIDELL LA

Personal Author(s) : Lassuy,Dennis R.

Report Date : FEB 1983

Pagination or Media Count : 19

Abstract : Species profiles are literature summaries of the taxonomy, morphology, range, life history, and environmental requirements of coastal aquatic species. They are prepared to assist in environmental impact assessment. The gulf menhaden, Brevoortia patronus, supports the largest fishery (by weight) in the United States; 779,390 mt were landed in 1979. Larval, juvenile, and adult menhaden are important prey for many fishes and birds. The species lives in estuaries and in the Gulf of Mexico to a maximum depth of about 70 m. Spawning takes place in the Gulf of Mexico from September to May and larvae are carried into estuaries within 3-5 weeks after hatching. Larvae inhabit the shallow marshy parts of estuaries and feed on microzooplankton. Larvae metamorphose into juveniles which are omnivorous filter feeders. As they grow, juveniles moves from shallow parts of estuaries to deeper areas. Juveniles and adults migrate to the Gulf of Mexico as temperatures drop in the fall. Adults become sexually mature after two growing seasons. They have been collected in a temperature range of 5-34.9 C and a salinity range of 0-67 ppt. Larvae and juveniles tolerate lower salinities then adults. Keywords: Growth(Physiology).

Descriptors :   *FISHES, *INVERTEBRATES, LIFE CYCLES, DEPTH, DOCUMENTS, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT, ENVIRONMENTS, ESTUARIES, FISHERIES, GROWTH(GENERAL), HISTORY, ADULTS, BIRDS, COASTAL REGIONS, LARVAE, LIFE(BIOLOGY), MEXICO GULF, PARTS, PROFILES, RANGE(EXTREMES), REQUIREMENTS, SEASONS, SHALLOW DEPTH, SWAMPS, TAXONOMY, TEMPERATURE, UNITED STATES, YOUTH, REPRODUCTION(PHYSIOLOGY), MARINE BIOLOGY

Subject Categories : Biology
      Biological Oceanography

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE