Accession Number : ADA180503

Title :   Illustrative Examples of Clustering Using the Mixture Method and Two Comparable Methods from SAS.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : CORNELL UNIV ITHACA NY MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES INST

Personal Author(s) : Basford,K. E. ; Federer,W. T. ; Miles-McDermott,N. J.

Report Date : JAN 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 27

Abstract : The technique of clustering uses the measurements on a set of element to identify clusters or groups of elements such that there is relative homogeneity within the groups and heterogeneity between the groups. In the associated technical report the mixture model approach is explained in detail and discussed in relation to other clustering techniques. Under this approach to clustering, the elements are assumed to be a sample from a mixture of several populations in various proportions. The practical application to two real data sets is considered here with the density function in each underlying population assumed to be normal. To provide a base for comparison, two SAS clustering methods with similar assumptions are also considered. The data are analysed using: KMM-Normal mixture model method, SAS (CLUSTER)- Ward's method, and SAS (CLUSTER)-Ward's method, and SAS (CLUSTER)-EML method. The results are discussed.

Descriptors :   *CLUSTERING, *MATHEMATICAL MODELS, MIXTURES, MODELS, POPULATION, NORMAL DENSITY FUNCTIONS, HOMOGENEITY, DATA BASES

Subject Categories : Statistics and Probability

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE