Accession Number : ADA180586

Title :   Representing and Training Expertise in Air Combat Maneuvering.

Descriptive Note : Final technical paper Jun 84-Jul 86,

Corporate Author : NEW MEXICO UNIV ALBUQUERQUE DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY

Personal Author(s) : Goldsmith,Timothy E. ; Schvaneveldt,Roger W.

Report Date : APR 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 55

Abstract : A 2-year research and development effort was conducted to develop an artificial intelligence model of pilot decision making in air to air combat maneuvering. A desktop training system to allow student pilots to learn about conditions that call for particular maneuvers by interacting with the model in mock combat scenarios was developed. The model, Air Combat Expert Simulation (ACES), used a production system architecture including a data base, a set of production rules, an interpreter, and a user interface. The model attempted to predict the selection of an air combat maneuver given the scenario of 1 versus 1 engagement and was evaluated by comparing ACES outputs with those of expert pilots. Results showed that selections made by ACES matched the pilots' selections as well as the pilots matched their own selections. ACES was then revised to serve as a desktop training system for student pilots in the fighter lead-in training program. A transfer of training study was performed to evaluate ACES as a training aid. Students had an opportunity to interact with ACES by selecting maneuvers and observing their outcomes in a simulated air to air engagement. Performance scores for the students given by instructor pilots on later training sorties were compared to those of students not receiving ACES training. Performance between the two groups was not significantly different. The evaluation was problematic in part because of the inherently low variability in performance scores. However, results from questionnaire evaluations of ACES by both students and instructor pilots indicated that ACES would be useful in teaching air combat maneuvering.

Descriptors :   *AERIAL WARFARE, *FLIGHT MANEUVERS, *PILOTS, *DECISION MAKING, DATA BASES, AIR, ARCHITECTURE, EDUCATION, INSTRUCTORS, INTERFACES, MANEUVERS, MISSIONS, MODELS, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, PRODUCTION, QUESTIONNAIRES, SCENARIOS, SCORING, SIMULATION, STUDENTS, TEST AND EVALUATION, TRAINING, TRAINING DEVICES, TRANSFER OF TRAINING, USER NEEDS, WARFARE

Subject Categories : Military Aircraft Operations
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Human Factors Engineering & Man Machine System

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE