Accession Number : ADA181059

Title :   Tactical and Strategic Responsiveness in a Competitive Risk-Taking Game.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : WISCONSIN HUMAN INFORMATION PROCESSING PROGRAM MADISON

Personal Author(s) : Lopes,Lola L ; Casey,Jeff T

PDF Url : ADA181059

Report Date : Apr 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 64

Abstract : Two within-subject experiments are reported in which subjects played either the offensive or the defensive role of a computerized board game. In either roles, the subject's task for each move was to choose between alternative outcome distributions. The game was designed so that subjects were generally best off on offense if they chose the riskier of the two distributions and best off on defense if they chose the more consevative of the two distributions. The results of the experiments are analyzed with respect to subjects' actual preferences (risk averse vs. risk seeking) and their ability to mesh preference with task requirements. In general, all subjects shifted toward risk seeking when they were in poor game position. However, there was no general tendency for subjects to be more risk seeking on offense than on defense. Moreover, there was no general tendency for the best subjects on offense than on defense. Moreover, there was no general tendency for the best subjects on offense to be also best on defense. Instead, it appears that subjects; responsed to the game were mainly local (i.e., tatical) and did not involve global (i.e., strategic) shifts in risk preference. Keywords: risk attitude; Competition; Aspiration level; Tactical responsiveness; Game playing; Strategic responsiveness; Security motivation; Potential motivation.

Descriptors :   *GAME THEORY, *TACTICAL ANALYSIS, *STRATEGIC ANALYSIS, DEFENSE SYSTEMS, MOTIVATION, REQUIREMENTS, COMPUTER APPLICATIONS, POSITION(LOCATION), SECURITY, RESPONSE, DISTRIBUTION

Subject Categories : Operations Research
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE