Accession Number : ADA183026

Title :   Effect of Physical and Geometric Factors on the Impedance of Electrochemical Power Sources.

Descriptive Note : Interim rept.,

Corporate Author : CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIV CLEVELAND OHIO DEPT OF PHYSICS

Personal Author(s) : Cahan,B D ; Daroux,M L ; Yeager,E B

PDF Url : ADA183026

Report Date : 01 May 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 27

Abstract : Short-time transient behavior in the charge/discharge of small electrochemical power sources does not scale up for large systems. calculations are presented which show that a number of commonly neglected physical and geometric factors, such as the skin effect and the distributed network impedance characteristics of the individual cells and cell assemblies, can severely limit performance. The impedance of individual cells has been calculated over a wide range of frequencies 100-10th to the 8th Hz) using a modified semi-infinite strip-line model. The variables considered include the electrode and electrolyte conductivities, the electrolyte dielectric constant, the double-layer capacitance, and the distributed inductance and capacitance resulting from the cell geometry. Keywords: Impedance, Electrochemical Power Sources, Computer Modeling, Electrochemical Cells, Pulsed High Power Batteries.

Descriptors :   *SOURCES, *CELLS, *NETWORKS, *ELECTROCHEMISTRY, *ELECTROLYTES, *POWER SUPPLIES, CAPACITANCE, GEOMETRY, DISTRIBUTION, INDUCTANCE, LAYERS, CONSTANTS, DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES, ELECTROLYTES, COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, IMPEDANCE, CONDUCTIVITY, PHYSICAL PROPERTIES, SHORT RANGE(TIME), TRANSIENTS, RANGE(EXTREMES)

Subject Categories : Electric Power Production and Distribution
      Electrochemical Energy Storage
      Physical Chemistry

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE