Accession Number : ADA183740

Title :   Is Visual Imagery Really Visual? Overlooked Evidence from Neuropsychology.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY

Personal Author(s) : Farah,Martha J

PDF Url : ADA183740

Report Date : 07 Aug 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 44

Abstract : Does visual imagery engage some of the same representations used in visual perception? The evidence collected by cognitive psychologists in support of this claim has been challenged by three types of alternative explanation: Tacit knowledge, according to which subjects use nonvisual representations to simulate the use of visual representations during imagery tasks, guided by their tacit knowledge of their visual systems: experimenter expectancy, according to which the data implicating shared representations for imagery and perception is an artifact of experimenter expectancies: and nonvisual spatial representation according to which imagery representations are partially similar to visual representations in the way they code spatial relations but are not visual representations. This article reviews previously overlooked neuropsychological evidence on the relation between imagery and perception, and discusses its relative immunity to the alternative explanations listed above. This evidence includes electrophysiological and cerebral blood flow studies localizing brain activity during imagery to cortical visual areas, and parallels between the selective effects of brain damage on visual perception and imagery. Because these findings cannot be accounted for in the same way as traditional cognitive data using the alternative explanations listed above they can play a decisive role in answering the title question.

Descriptors :   *VISUAL PERCEPTION, *IMAGE PROCESSING, PERCEPTION, SHARING, CODING, IMMUNITY BLOOD CIRCULATION, BRAIN, BRAIN DAMAGE, CEREBRUM, COGNITION, ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY, IMMUNITY, NEUROLOGY, OPTICAL IMAGES, PSYCHOLOGY, SHARING, SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION, VISION

Subject Categories : Anatomy and Physiology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE