Accession Number : ADA184371
Title : Category Accessibility as Implicit Memory.
Descriptive Note : Interim rept.,
Corporate Author : PURDUE UNIV LAFAYETTE IN DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES
Personal Author(s) : Smith,Eliot R ; Branscombe,Nyla R
PDF Url : ADA184371
Report Date : 06 Jul 1987
Pagination or Media Count : 16
Abstract : A person's likelihood of considering an ambiguous behavior a member of a trait category is influenced by earlier exposure to trait-related information. This category accessibility effect is a form of implicit memory: memory because it constitutes an effect of an earlier experience, and implicit because the task is presented as a judgment rather than a memory task, and in fact the effect can occur without the perceiver's awareness of the prior (priming) episode. This paper reports an experiment that puts category accessibility in the context of other types of implicit memory. Subjects studied trait words either by generating them form behavioral instances or simply by reading the traits. They were then tested with two different implicit (category accessibility and word-fragment completion) and one explicit (free recall) memory measures. As predicted, the results showed dissociations among the tests in the effects of the study-task manipulation. The results are interpreted as supporting a procedural memory viewpoint that integrates implicit and explicit memory in a common theoretical framework. Several types of social phenomena may usefully be conceptualized as involving implicit memory.
Descriptors : *BEHAVIOR, *MEMORY(PSYCHOLOGY), *COGNITION, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), RECOGNITION, INFORMATION PROCESSING, CUES(STIMULI), GROUP DYNAMICS
Subject Categories : Administration and Management
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE