Accession Number : ADA184877

Title :   Development of an Acoustic Echosounder for Detection of Lower Level Atmospheric Turbulence.

Descriptive Note : Master's thesis,

Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA

Personal Author(s) : Weingartner, Frank J

PDF Url : ADA184877

Report Date : Jun 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 98

Abstract : Atmospheric density fluctuations induce phase perturbations that upgrade the spatial coherence of a laser beam propagating through the atmosphere. These degradations spread the laser beam alter the centroid and intensity profile stochastically. Turbulent conditions arising from various environmental situations and meteorological phenomena are found at virtually all levels of the atmosphere. A substantial fraction of the optical turbulence along a vertical path arises from the surface heat flux within the first 100-200 meters above the ground. This thesis seeks to measure and analyze atmospheric turbulence within the first 100-200 meters above the ground with extremely high accuracy. The echosounder design incorporated a 25 element, square, planar array housed within a lead and foam insulated, acoustic shroud. This acoustic echosounder was employed to collect real-time, low level atmospheric data at two sites. This data should prove useful in determining whether the performance of laser and electro-optical systems could be increased by raising sensors and transmitters well above the local turbulent layer through the use of towers or other such structures.

Descriptors :   *TURBULENCE, *ATMOSPHERIC MOTION, *ACOUSTIC DETECTION, ECHO RANGING, ATMOSPHERIC SOUNDING, LOW ALTITUDE, ATMOSPHERIC DENSITY, ACOUSTIC ARRAYS, PERTURBATIONS, HEAT TRANSFER, THESES

Subject Categories : Meteorology
      Acoustic Detection and Detectors

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE