Accession Number : ADA185416

Title :   The All-Volunteer Force: An Analysis of Youth Participation, Attrition, and Reenlistment.

Descriptive Note : Research rept.,

Corporate Author : OHIO STATE UNIV COLUMBUS CENTER FOR HUMAN RESOURCE RESEARCH

Personal Author(s) : Kim, Choongsoo ; Nestel, Gilbert ; Phillips, Robert L ; Borus, Michael E

PDF Url : ADA185416

Report Date : May 1980

Pagination or Media Count : 165

Abstract : Major findings from the initial interview of the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth are summarized. The Armed Forces contain 6.7 percent of males and 0.6 percent of females in the 18-21 youth cohort; however, there are differences in the participation rate of different demographic and social groupings based on race, educational achievement and expectations, marital status, and professional background of families. The Armed Forces are enlisting young men with backgrounds and abilities comparable to those youth who are employed full-time in the civilian labor market and young women with backgrounds and abilities that are higher than their civilian full-time employed counterparts. Comparison of 18 measures of different job aspects clearly shows that Armed Forces personnel are less satisfied than their civilian labor market counterparts. Women in the military see more favorable job aspects than men, but are still less satisfied than their civilian counterparts. Male military personnel are paid 12 percent less and females are paid 18 percent more than their civilian counterparts; however, values of enlistment bonuses, educational benefits, and other military benefits were not included in the calculations.

Descriptors :   *ALL VOLUNTEER, *MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), ENLISTED PERSONNEL, ATTRITION, REENLISTMENT, YOUTH, MILITARY PERSONNEL, DEMOGRAPHY, GROUP DYNAMICS, RACE RELATIONS, EDUCATION, FAMILY MEMBERS, CIVILIAN PERSONNEL, LABOR MARKETS, BACKGROUND, BENEFITS

Subject Categories : Personnel Management and Labor Relations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE