Accession Number : ADA185672

Title :   Automated Satellite Cloud Analysis: A Multispectral Approach to the Problem of Snow/Cloud Discrimination.

Descriptive Note : Master's thesis,

Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA

Personal Author(s) : Allen, Robert C , Jr

PDF Url : ADA185672

Report Date : Jun 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 114

Abstract : An algorithm is developed and evaluated for discriminating among clouds, snow cover and clear land. The multispectral technique uses daytime images of AVHRR channels 1 (0.63 microns, 3 (3.7 microns) and 4 (11.0 microns). Reflectance is derived for channel 3 by using the channel 4 emission temperature to estimate and remove the channel 3 thermal emission. Separation of clouds from snow and land is based primarily on this derived channel 3 reflectance. Using this technique, observed reflectance in channel 3 is 2 to 4% for snow, 3 to 10 % for land, 2 to 27 % for ice clouds and 8 to 36 % for liquid clouds. These values overlap for thin cirrus and snow, so the routine than attempts analysis of cirrus based on its different transmissive properties between channels 3 and 4. Six images were analyzed and the total cloud cover was verified against a total of 110 conventional surface observations using the standard categories of clear, scattered, broken and overcast. The routine was quite successful, with the analyzed sky cover being within category for 55% of the stations, one category different for 33%, 2 categories different for 9% and 3 categories for 3% of the stations. A major remaining problem is discrimination between ice clouds and snow cover due to the great similarity of reflective properties of there two surfaces.

Descriptors :   *REFLECTANCE, *SNOW, ALGORITHMS, ARTIFICIAL SATELLITES, AUTOMATION, CIRRUS CLOUDS, CLOUD COVER, CLOUD PHYSICS, DISCRIMINATION, ICE, IMAGES, LAND AREAS, LIQUIDS, MULTISPECTRAL, OVERLAP, REFLECTION, SEPARATION, SNOW COVER, SURFACES, THINNESS, RADIOMETERS, VISIBLE SPECTRA, INFRARED SPECTRA, OPTICAL DATA, RADIATIVE TRANSFER, SURFACE PROPERTIES, SOLAR RADIATION, LIGHT TRANSMISSION, THREE DIMENSIONAL, HIGH RESOLUTION, THESES

Subject Categories : Meteorology
      Optical Detection and Detectors

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE