Accession Number : ADA185839

Title :   A High Resolution Spatial and Temporal Multiple Doppler Analysis of a Microburst and Its Application to Aircraft Flight Simulation.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : NATIONAL CENTER FOR ATMOSPHERIC RESEARCH BOULDER CO RESEARCH APPLICATIONS PRO GRAM

Personal Author(s) : Elmore, K L ; McCarthy, J ; Frost, Walter ; Chang, H P

PDF Url : ADA185839

Report Date : Mar 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 60

Abstract : Multiple Doppler radar data collected during the Joint Airport Weather Studies (JAWS) Project are used to synthesize the three-dimensional wind in the region of a microburst. The particular microburst used in this study is the strongest one to date for which three-dimensional winds have been recovered. As a diagnostic tool, a six-degree-of-freedom numerical aircraft model having characteristic similar to Boeing 727 series aircraft is used to investigate jet transport aircraft response to observed microburst winds during simulated approaches and departures. Simple pilot control laws are used to adjust thrust, pitch, roll, and yaw so as to maintain given approach or departure path is 0.01 per sec greater, the model is unable to maintain the desired approach path and suffers a significant reduction in climb performance during a go-around or departure. Although the mean wind shear along a path gives a good qualitative measure of the wind shear threat to a jet transport, different paths with similar mean shears can yield markedly different results, as do the same paths through the microburst at different times. These findings are a direct consequence of the fine temporal and spatial scale of microburst winds. During any given modelled aircraft traverse through the region of highest horizontal shear, time variations in the microburst wind field are shown to have an insignificant effect on the modelled flight path. This is because the traverse period is short (30 s) compared to the lifetime of a microburst (300-600 s). (Author)

Descriptors :   *DIAGNOSTIC EQUIPMENT, *DOPPLER RADAR, *JET TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT, *WIND SHEAR, AIRCRAFT, AIRCRAFT MODELS, AIRPORTS, CLIMBING, CONTROL THEORY, DEGREES OF FREEDOM, DYNAMIC RESPONSE, FLIGHT PATHS, FLIGHT SIMULATION, HORIZONTAL ORIENTATION, MANDIBLE, MATHEMATICAL MODELS, MEAN, PATHS, PILOTS, SCALE, SHEAR PROPERTIES, SIMULATION, SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION, THREATS, THREE DIMENSIONAL, WEATHER, WIND, YAW

Subject Categories : Active & Passive Radar Detection & Equipment
      Meteorology
      Transport Aircraft

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE