Accession Number : ADA186413

Title :   Data Summary for Nitrocellulose.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept. Jul 84-Mar 85,

Corporate Author : ARMY MEDICAL BIOENGINEERING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT LAB FORT DETRICK MD

Personal Author(s) : Roberts, Welford C

PDF Url : ADA186413

Report Date : Aug 1986

Pagination or Media Count : 19

Abstract : The US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) and the Department of the Army (DA) established a cooperative agreement to develop Health Advisories (HA) on chemical substances associated with munitions that may be found as drinking water contaminants. This text summarizes information about nitrocellulose (NC) that was provided by DA to the USEPA. Nitrocellulose is a principal ingredient of propellants and some explosives, and is produced for military use at selected Army Ammunition Plants (AAP). It is produced by nitrating cellulose, e.g., treating cotton linters or wood pulp with mixed nitric and sulfuric acids. NC fines suspending in wastewater leave the production facility and remain suspended in receiving waters or settle substrate. NC measurements in waters downstream from AAP discharge have ranged up to 14 mg/L. Because of its resistance to biodegradation, it may persist in the environment and remain in aquatic sediments indefinitely. Keywords: Drinking water quality, Environmental contaminants, Health advisory, Health effects, Nitrocellulose, Pollution abatement, Mammalian toxicology, Aquatic toxicology.

Descriptors :   *DRINKING WATER, *NITROCELLULOSE, *TOXICOLOGY, *WATER QUALITY, *WATER POLLUTION, ACIDS, AMMUNITION, AQUATIC BIOLOGY, ARMY, ARMY OPERATIONS, BIODETERIORATION, CONTAMINANTS, COTTON, ENVIRONMENTS, EXPLOSIVES, FACILITIES, HEALTH, LINTERS, MILITARY FACILITIES, MIXING, NITRIC ACID, POLLUTION ABATEMENT, PRODUCTION, PROPELLANTS, RESISTANCE, SUBSTRATES, SULFURIC ACID, WASTE WATER, WATER, WOOD PULP, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT, EXPOSURE(PHYSIOLOGY), SOLUBILITY

Subject Categories : Water Pollution and Control
      Toxicology
      Ammunition and Explosives

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE