Accession Number : ADA186420

Title :   Roles of Knowledge in Motor Learning.

Descriptive Note : Doctoral thesis,

Corporate Author : MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LAB

Personal Author(s) : Atkeson, Christopher G

PDF Url : ADA186420

Report Date : 02 Feb 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 158

Abstract : This thesis applies the computational approach to motor learning, i.e., describes the constraints that enable performance improvement with experience and also the constraints that must be satisfied by a motor learning system, describe what is being computed in order to achieve learning, and why it is being computed. The particular tasks used to access motor learning are loaded and unloaded free arm movement, and the thesis includes work on rigid body load estimation, arm model estimation, optimal filtering for model parameter estimation and trajectory learning from practice. Learning algorithms were developed and implemented in the context of robot arm control. Some of the roles of knowledge in learning are demonstrated. Powerful generalizations can be made on the basis of knowledge of system structure, as is demonstrated in the load and arm model estimation algorithms. Improving the performance of parameter estimation algorithms used in learning involves knowledge of the measurement noise characteristics, as is shown in the derivation of optimal filters. Using trajectory errors to correct commands requires knowledge of how command errors are transformed into performance errors, i.e., an accurate model of the dynamics of the controlled system, as is demonstrated in the trajectory learning work. Performance demonstrated by the algorithms developed in this thesis should be compared with algorithms that use less knowledge, such as table based schemes to learn arm dynamics, previous single trajectory learning algorithms, and much of traditional adaptive control. (Thesis)

Descriptors :   *LEARNING, ACCESS, ADAPTIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS, ALGORITHMS, COMPUTATIONS, CONTROL, CONTROL SYSTEMS, DYNAMICS, ERRORS, ESTIMATES, MEASUREMENT, MODELS, NOISE, OPTIMIZATION, PARAMETERS, RIGIDITY, ROBOTS, TABLES(DATA)

Subject Categories : Cybernetics
      Human Factors Engineering & Man Machine System
      Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE