Accession Number : ADA186671

Title :   Operational Art in the Western Desert Theater of Operations, 1940-43,

Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MIL ITARY STUDIES

Personal Author(s) : Craft, Douglas W

PDF Url : ADA186671

Report Date : 07 May 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 58

Abstract : This monograph addresses the contribution made by the campaigns in the Western Desert to the evolution of the operational art by examining theory as reflected in history. It discusses the campaigns in the Western Desert of North Africa from September 1940 through January 1943. The discussion focuses on three operational issues that have impacted on the evolution of the operational art: the connection between strategic aims and the conduct of operations, the concept of culminating points, and the operational artist. The monograph first presents a broad overview of five major operations conducted in the Western Desert of North Africa from 1940-1943. After examining the three operational issues in detail, the author concludes that many elements of military theory have valid application as demonstrated in the major operations of the Western Desert. The theory offers a valid benchmark for study by the operational planner, but offers him no formulae. The conclusions support Clausewitz' assertion that, ...theory gives the mind greater insights into the mass of phenomena of their relationships and leaves it free to rise into the higher realms of action.'

Descriptors :   DESERTS, NORTH AFRICA, THEATER LEVEL OPERATIONS, THEORY, LAND WARFARE, EGYPT, LIBYA, HISTORY

Subject Categories : Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE