Accession Number : ADA186922

Title :   Supersonic and Subsonic Aircraft Noise Effects on Animals: A Literature Survey.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 15 Oct 85-15 Oct 86,

Corporate Author : HARRY G ARMSTRONG AEROSPACE MEDICAL RESEARCH LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH

Personal Author(s) : Kull, Robert C , Jr ; Fisher, Alan D

PDF Url : ADA186922

Report Date : 01 Dec 1986

Pagination or Media Count : 57

Abstract : We searched the literature concerning the effects of supersonic and subsonic aircraft noise on animals. Our search revealed many review papers of prior research accomplished, but few actual research papers. Out of all the reviews, Dufour's work is the most comprehensive. Many of the papers are anecdotal in nature and add little to our scientific knowledge - strictly circumstantial evidence. The literature reveals few effects on animals due to sonic booms. The effects of subsonic noise, however, needs much more investigation. One of the biggest problems with the research in this area is the lack of controls, lack of standardized ways of recording data and evaluating behaviors, and the number of variables involved. Specific recommendations to fill some of the technological gaps include a sonic boom study on a ground-nesting shorebird, effects of subsonic aircraft noise on endangered species, long term physiological effects causing immunosuppression, and noise versus visual aircraft stimuli effects.

Descriptors :   *AIRCRAFT, *ANIMALS, *NOISE POLLUTION, AIRCRAFT NOISE, ENDANGERED SPECIES, IMMUNOSUPPRESSION, LITERATURE SURVEYS, NOISE, PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS, RECORDING SYSTEMS, SONIC BOOM, STIMULI, SUBSONIC CHARACTERISTICS, SUPERSONIC AIRCRAFT, VARIABLES, VISION, RESPONSE(BIOLOGY), STANDARDIZATION, EXPERIMENTAL DATA, COLLECTING METHODS

Subject Categories : Noise Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE