Accession Number : ADA187066

Title :   Intelligent Tutoring Systems: A Tutorial Survey.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : STANFORD UNIV CA DEPT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE

Personal Author(s) : Clancey, William J

PDF Url : ADA187066

Report Date : Sep 1986

Pagination or Media Count : 57

Abstract : This survey of Intelligent Tutoring Systems is based on a tutorial originally presented by John Steely Brown, Richard R. Burton (Xerox-Parc, USA) and William J. Clancey at the National Conference on Al in Austin, Texas in August, 1984. The survey describes the components of tutoring systems, different teaching scenarios, and their relation to a theory of instruction. The underlying pedagogical approach is to make latent knowledge manifest, which the research accomplishes by different forms of qualitative modeling; simulating physical processes; simulating expert problem solving, including strategies for monitoring and controlling problem solving (metacognition); modeling the plans behind procedural behavior; and forcing articulation of model inconsistencies through the Socratic method of instruction. Proceeding chronologically, examples of intelligent tutoring systems are described in terms of their internal knowledge representations and the evolving pedagogical theory. Although these programs are generally only research projects, examples of what they can do make abundantly clear the long-term scientific and software-engineering advantages of the new modeling methodology. Keywords: Intelligent tutoring systems, Pedagogy, Knowledge representation, Man machine interface, User model.

Descriptors :   *TEACHING METHODS, *INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS, EDUCATION, INSTRUCTIONS, INTERFACES, MAN MACHINE SYSTEMS, METHODOLOGY, MODELS, PROBLEM SOLVING, SCENARIOS, SURVEYS, SYMPOSIA, TEXAS, THEORY, USER NEEDS, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

Subject Categories : Humanities and History

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE