Accession Number : ADA187984

Title :   Synthesis and Structure Property Studies of Toughened Epoxy Resins Via Functionalized Polysiloxanes.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1978-1986,

Corporate Author : VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INST AND STATE UNIV BLACKSBURG DEPT OF CHEMISTRY

Personal Author(s) : Riffle, J S ; Yorkgitis, E M ; Tran, C ; Yilgor, I ; Hedrick, J L

PDF Url : ADA187984

Report Date : 30 Sep 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 4

Abstract : Epoxy resins chemically modified with functionally terminated poly(dimethyl siloxane,), poly(dimethyl-co-methyltrifluoropropyl siloxane) and poly(dimethyl-co-diphenyl siloxane) oligomers are described in terms of their synthesis, morphology, solid-state properties, and friction and wear properties. The compatibility between the epoxy resin and the siloxane modifiers can be enhanced by increasing the percentage of methyltrifluoropropyl (TFP) siloxane or diphenyl (DP) siloxane relative to dimethyl siloxane. The compatibility of the siloxane modifier with epoxy resin subsequently controls the size and make-up of the phase-separated elastomeric domains. Fracture toughness of the epoxy resin can be improved by modification with siloxanes containing 40% or higher TFP content or 20 and 40% DP content. Both fracture toughness and modulus changes are given a morphological basis. Friction and wear properties in both fatigue and abrasive wear tests have been found to be related to changes in modulus, fracture toughness, and morphology in ways dependent on the particular modifier. Keywords: Polysiloxanes, Epoxy resins, Toughening.

Descriptors :   *EPOXY RESINS, *SILOXANES, THERMOPLASTIC RESINS, ADHESIVES, LAMINATES, PROTECTIVE COATINGS, LAMINATES, ELASTOMERS, SYNTHESIS(CHEMISTRY), MORPHOLOGY, PHASE SHIFT, TOUGHNESS, WEAR RESISTANCE, MODULUS OF ELASTICITY, FRACTURE(MECHANICS), BUTADIENES, COPOLYMERS

Subject Categories : Plastics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE