Accession Number : ADA188411

Title :   Transport Properties of Conductive Polymers.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1 Aug 86-30 Sep 87,

Corporate Author : ROCKWELL INTERNATIONAL THOUSAND OAKS CA SCIENCE CENTER

Personal Author(s) : Walker, J A

PDF Url : ADA188411

Report Date : Oct 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 31

Abstract : A series of free standing films of doped polypyrrole were prepared and characterized by infrared spectroscopic methods. The frequency dependence of the infrared reflectivity of the polymer films was fit to the Drude model for the dielectric function an electron gas. In order to adequately model the observed reflectance spectra, an additional oscillator term was added to the dielectric function to account for electronic transitions that involve mid gap electronic states. Approximate values for the plasma resonance frequency for these materials range between 1-4 x 10 to the -15th /s, while values for the carrier scattering time were on the order of 10 to the -15/s. The spectral analysis also allowed for the calculation of the complex dielectric constants. These constants appeared to scale with the dc conductivity of the polymer film. It is suggested that the very short carrier scattering time in conducting polymers limits the observed conductivity and that improvements in conducting polymer synthesis and processing techniques will ultimately result in much higher conductivity levels.

Descriptors :   *CONDUCTIVITY, *DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES, *ELECTRON TRANSITIONS, *POLYMERS, CONSTANTS, DIRECT CURRENT, ELECTRON GAS, FILMS, FREQUENCY, INFRARED RADIATION, LIMITATIONS, MATERIALS, METHODOLOGY, OSCILLATORS, PLASMAS(PHYSICS), POLYMERIC FILMS, PROCESSING, REFLECTANCE, REFLECTIVITY, RESONANT FREQUENCY, SCATTERING, SPECTRA, SPECTROSCOPY, SPECTRUM ANALYSIS, SYNTHESIS(CHEMISTRY), TIME, TRANSPORT PROPERTIES, PYRROLES

Subject Categories : Physical Chemistry
      Polymer Chemistry

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE