Accession Number : ADA188726

Title :   A Personalized and Prescriptive Decision Aid for Choice from a Database of Options.

Descriptive Note : Final technical rept. Jul 83-Sep 86,

Corporate Author : DECISION SCIENCE CONSORTIUM INC FALLS CHURCH VA

Personal Author(s) : Cohen, Marvin S ; Laskey, Kathryn B ; Tolcott, Martin A

PDF Url : ADA188726

Report Date : 23 Nov 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 71

Abstract : In many decision making contexts there is a need for aids which cater flexibly to individual users in their preferred ways of organizing information and solving problems, but which guard against potential errors or biases inherent in common approaches to decision making. DSC has developed principles of personalized and prescriptive decision aiding which respond to this need, and which are based on experimental findings and theoretical models in cognitive psychology. In Phase I of this project, those principles were applied to the development of an aid for attack submarine approach and attack. In Phase II, the principles have been generalized and extended to the development of a generic personalized and prescriptive evaluation system. The system incorporates five basic cognitive interface modules to customize the user's interaction with the aid to provide prescriptive guidance, as well as a set of interactive dialogues or guides which blend all five functions in support of specific user-selected decision-making strategies. The aid has been tested and demonstrated in the context of a personnel application. Keywords: Decision aids, Adaptive systems, Man machine interaction, Cognitive psychology, Cognitive styles, Multi-attribute utility theory, Decision analysis, Database systems.

Descriptors :   *DATA BASES, *DECISION MAKING, *MAN MACHINE SYSTEMS, *PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY), ADAPTIVE SYSTEMS, ATTACK SUBMARINES, COGNITION, DECISION THEORY, ERRORS, INTERACTIONS, MODELS, PERSONNEL, PROBLEM SOLVING, THEORY, INFORMATION PROCESSING

Subject Categories : Psychology
      Human Factors Engineering & Man Machine System

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE