Accession Number : ADA188728

Title :   Environmental Effects of Navigation Traffic: Laboratory Studies of the Effects on Mussels of Intermittent Exposure to Turbulence and Suspended Solids.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS ENVIRONMENTAL LAB

Personal Author(s) : Payne, Barry S ; Miller, Andrew C ; Aldridge, David W

PDF Url : ADA188728

Report Date : Oct 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 30

Abstract : Navigation traffic can intermittently increase turbulence and suspended solids in rivers. Freshwater mussels are essentially sessile filter-feeders and could be susceptible to physiological disruption as a result of exposure to these potential effects of navigation traffic. In laboratory studies, cyclic increases in water velocity and turbulence at a level and frequency that can be caused by routine navigation traffic led to reduced feeding rates and slightly increased reliance on endogenous and nonproteinaceous energy reserves. However, continuous or near-continuous disruption, such as might be associated with barge fleeting activities, led to virtually complete reliance on endogenous energy reserves. These results suggest that proposed areas of barge fleeting be evaluated on a site-specific basic to ensure that important mussel populations are not situated in nearby habitats that will be exposed to sustained periods of turbulence and suspended solids above ambient conditions. In addition, these laboratory studies confirm the utility of sublethal physiological indices of stress, such as oxygen: nitrogen and flesh: shell mass ratios, in field studies aimed at monitoring environmental impacts on natural mussel populations. Keywords: Environmental impact; Aquatic biology.

Descriptors :   *AQUATIC BIOLOGY, *ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT, *MUSSELS, *TURBIDITY CURRENTS, *SUSPENDED SEDIMENTS, BARGES, DISPERSIONS, FEEDING, LABORATORY TESTS, MASS, NITROGEN, OXYGEN, PHYSIOLOGY, POPULATION, RATES, RATIOS, REDUCTION, RIVERS, SHELLS(STRUCTURAL FORMS), SUBLETHAL DOSAGE, VELOCITY, WATER, WATER TRAFFIC, EXPOSURE(PHYSIOLOGY)

Subject Categories : Biology
      Biological Oceanography

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE