Accession Number : ADA188766

Title :   Toxicity of DEDGN (Diethyleneglycol Dinitrate), Synthetic-HC Smoke Combustion Products, Solvent Yellow 33 and Solvent Green 3 to Freshwater Aquatic Organisms.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Apr 85-Dec 86,

Corporate Author : JOHNS HOPKINS UNIV SHADY SIDE MD ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES GROUP

Personal Author(s) : Fisher, Daniel J ; Burton, Dennis T ; Paulson, Robert L

PDF Url : ADA188766

Report Date : 15 Jan 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 80

Abstract : The acute toxicities of four munitions compounds to nine freshwater aquatic organisms were determined. The munitions were: diethyleneglycol dinitrate (DEGDN), solvent yellow 33, solvent green 3, and synthetic-HC smoke combustion products which are a complex mixture containing Zinc, Cadmium, Arsenic, Lead, Aluminum, Carbon Tetrachloride, Perchloroethylene, Hexachloroethane, Hexachlorobenzene, and Hydrochloric acid. Fish exposed to the materials for 96 h included the fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas, bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus), channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus and rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri). Invertebrates, which were exposed for 48 h, included the water flea (Daphnia magna), amphipod (Gammarus pseudolimnaeus), midge larva (Paratanytarsus parthogenetica) and mayfly larva (Hexagenia bilinata). Growth of the green alga (Selenastrum capricornutum was also tested with all the compounds. Keywords: Solvent dyes.

Descriptors :   *TOXICITY, *SMOKE MUNITIONS, *PROPELLANTS, *WATER POLLUTION, ALUMINUM, AMMUNITION, AQUATIC ORGANISMS, ARSENIC, CHLOROBENZENE, CHLOROETHANES, CRUSTACEA, FISHES, FRESH WATER, HYDROCHLORIC ACID, INVERTEBRATES, LARVAE, MINNOWS, MIXTURES, NITRATES, SIPHONAPTERA, SOLVENT DYES, TROUT, WATER, ZINC, CADMIUM, LEAD(METAL), CARBON TETRACHLORIDE, AQUATIC BIOLOGY, EXPLOSIVES, ETHYLENE GLYCOL

Subject Categories : Water Pollution and Control
      Pyrotechnics
      Biology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE