Accession Number : ADA189234

Title :   SOAR: Space Orbiting Advanced Fusion Power Reactor.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Oct 86-Jan 87,

Corporate Author : WISCONSIN UNIV-MADISON

Personal Author(s) : Kulcinski, F L ; Santarius, J F

PDF Url : ADA189234

Report Date : Sep 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 57

Abstract : The preconceptual design of a Space Orbiting Advanced Fusion Power Reactor (SOAR), which delivers up to 1000 MWe for at least 600 s from an orbited mass of about 500 tonnes, was accomplished. The power is produced by a magnetically confined D-3He plasma. Approximately 96% of the fusion energy is in charged particles, and a direct converter has been designed which converts much of this energy into electricity at high net efficiency (about 80%). An advanced shield design allows SOAR to deliver approximately 2 kilowatts of electricity for every kilogram of material orbited. The shield is designed to absorb all rejected heat during operation, and no active radiator is required. The SOAR reactor concept is designed to allow rapid startup and shutdown procedures. The lack of radioactivity on launch and the low radioactive inventory after operation make the SOAR concept attractive from maintenance, safety and environmental perspectives. The plasma physics approach extrapolates from the present plasma physics and fusion technology knowledge base using concepts which can be tested on existing or near-term devices. The symbiosis of burst mode requirements, D-3He tandem mirror fusion reactor characteristics, and the space environment leads to a very high performance design concept.

Descriptors :   *SPACECRAFT COMPONENTS, *CONTROLLED NUCLEAR FUSION, *ELECTRIC POWER PRODUCTION, CHARGED PARTICLES, CONVERTERS, EFFICIENCY, HIGH RATE, LAUNCHING, NUCLEAR FUSION, PLASMAS(PHYSICS), RADIOACTIVITY, STARTING, RADIATION SHIELDING, PLASMA CONTROL, DEUTERIUM, HELIUM, PROTONS, MAGNETIC MIRRORS

Subject Categories : Unmanned Spacecraft
      Fusion Devices(thermonuclear)
      Electric Power Production and Distribution

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE