Accession Number : ADA189522

Title :   Historical Shifts in the Use of Analogy in Science.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept. 1 Sep 85-30 Aug 88,

Corporate Author : ILLINOIS UNIV AT URBANA DEPT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE

Personal Author(s) : Gentner, Dedre ; Jeziorski, Michael

PDF Url : ADA189522

Report Date : 26 Nov 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 61

Abstract : Analogy is widely considered to be an important mechanism of scientific thinking and a source of creative insight in theory development. This paper considers the implicit constraints that determine analogical soundness. First examine the constraints that govern analogical reasoning as it is predicted today. Then trace the scientific uses of analogy through three time periods and contrast the styles of analogizing practice by scientists at different points in history. This comparison suggests that the notion of analogical soundness has evolved over time. Keywords: Analogy; Similarity; Structure mapping; systematically; Relational systems.

Descriptors :   *ANALOGIES, *REASONING, MAPPING, SCIENTISTS, THEORY, HISTORY, CREATIVITY

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE