Accession Number : ADA190202

Title :   Strategic Passages.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL OCEAN RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITY NSTL STATION MS

Personal Author(s) : Stanford, George E , Jr

PDF Url : ADA190202

Report Date : Jan 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 38

Abstract : Selection of the foremost strategic maritime passages in the world is achieved by examining fundamentals of military strategy and contemporary views of global strategy from U.S., NATO, and U.S.S.R. perspectives. This examination discloses six axiomatic conclusions: (1) Defense and resupply of NATO is a major United States commitment. (2) The economic vitality of the Alliance must be maintained. (3) The Soviet Union crucially needs economic growth, particularity in the Far East. (4) Since military power is founded upon economic vitality and endurance, the most important attribute of a maritime passage is the nature and volume of what passes through it during normal conditions, that is, the matrix attributes-traffic and peace use. (5) The immense cost of man-made passages (canals) warrants them special attention. NO arguments have been discovered that lessen their initial value to world commerce. Aside from defense and control of the canals, maritime passages affecting the major ports and flanks of Europe, as well as the Soviet Southern Sea Route, are crucial to economic survival and growth. That some maritime passages are important to both the Alliance and the Soviets gives them special significance. From these six conclusions. 12 maritime passages are deemed to be crucial to policies of the major world power: Bab el Mandeb, Dardanelles, English Channel, Formosa Strait, Great Channel, Korea Strait, Panama Canal, Strait of Gibraltar, Strait of Malacca, Straits of Florida, Suez Canal, and Yucatan Channel.

Descriptors :   *CHANNELS(WATERWAYS), *STRATEGIC AREAS, CANALS, CHANNELS, COMMERCE, CONTROL, COSTS, ECONOMICS, ENGLISH CHANNEL, EUROPE, FAR EAST, FLORIDA, GIBRALTAR STRAIT, GLOBAL, GROWTH(GENERAL), KOREAN STRAIT, MANMADE, MILITARY STRATEGY, NATO, PANAMA CANAL, PEACETIME, POLICIES, POWER, REPLENISHMENT, STRAITS, STRATEGY, SUEZ CANAL, SURVIVAL(GENERAL), UNITED STATES, USSR, OCEANS, NAVAL OPERATIONS

Subject Categories : Geography
      Naval Surface Warfare

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE