Accession Number : ADA190271

Title :   Clinical and Cultural Perspectives on Mental Illness in the U.S. Navy.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA

Personal Author(s) : Palinkas, Lawrence A ; Balazs, Louis ; Coben, Patricia

PDF Url : ADA190271

Report Date : 09 Sep 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 37

Abstract : Ethnopsychiatry is viewed as a process of negotiation between two different perspectives on behavior, the clinical and the cultural. This process is examined in the context of U. S. Navy outpatient mental health clinics. In this context, mental illness must be understood in terms of the influence of the meaning systems of the clinician, patient, and military organization. This paper describes the cultural foundations of mental illness in the Navy and presents an analysis of ethnic differences in self-reported symptoms and precipitating factors, referral sources, DSM-III diagnoses, and clinician recommendations of over 10,000 outpatients who visited one of four Fleet Mental health Support Units in the San Diego area between November 1982 and June 1986. At issue is whether differences in cultural meanings significantly alter the experience and symptoms of mental illness among members of different ethnic groups in the same organizational environment. keywords: Mental health, Outpatient clinics, Organizational culture, Ethnicity, Performance(Human), Navy personnel, military psychology.

Descriptors :   *ILLNESS, *MENTAL ABILITY, *MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY, CLINICAL MEDICINE, CULTURE, ETHNIC GROUPS, FOUNDATIONS(STRUCTURES), MENTAL HEALTH, MILITARY ORGANIZATIONS, NAVAL PERSONNEL, ORGANIZATIONS, OUTPATIENT CLINICS, SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

Subject Categories : Psychology
      Medicine and Medical Research

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE