Accession Number : ADA190606

Title :   Dense-Spray Structure and Phenomena. Part 1. Turbulence/Dispersed-Phase Interactions.

Descriptive Note : Annual rept. 15 Jul 86-14 Jul 87,

Corporate Author : MICHIGAN UNIV ANN ARBOR GAS DYNAMICS LABS

Personal Author(s) : Parthasarathy, R N ; Faeth, G M

PDF Url : ADA190606

Report Date : 15 Aug 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 81

Abstract : This report describes one aspect of an investigation of dense-spray processes: namely turbulence/dispersed-phase interactions. The work was divided into two phases: (1) measurements of particle-laden jets injected into a still liquid; and homogenous particle flows, consisting of particles falling in a still (in the mean) liquid bath. The structure of turbulent, dilute, particle-laden water jets, submerged in still water, was studied both experimentally and theoretically. Nonintrusive measurements were made of mean and fluctuating phase velocities and particle number fluxes. Analysis was used to help interpret the measurements, considering three limiting cases, as follows: (1) locally-homogenous flow, where relative velocities between the phases are ignored; (2) deterministic separated flow, where relative velocities are considered, but particle/turbulence interactions are ignored; and (3) stochastic separated flow, where both phenomena are considered using random-walk methods. The locally-homogenous flow approximation was more effective than for past work involving larger density ratios between the phases; nevertheless, stochastic analysis yielded best agreement with measurements. Effects of enhanced drag (due to high relative turbulent intensities of particle motion) and effects of particles on liquid turbulence properties (turbulence modulation), were observed. Several recent proposals for treating these phenomena were examined; however, none appears to be adequate for reliable general use.

Descriptors :   *WATER JETS, *TWO PHASE FLOW, *DISPERSING, BATHS, DENSITY, DETERMINANTS(MATHEMATICS), DRAG, FLOW, FLOW SEPARATION, HIGH RATE, HOMOGENEITY, INTENSITY, INTERACTIONS, LIMITATIONS, LIQUIDS, MODULATION, MOTION, PARTICLE COLLISIONS, PARTICLE FLUX, PARTICLES, PHASE, RATIOS, STOCHASTIC PROCESSES, TURBULENCE, VELOCITY, WATER, SPRAYS

Subject Categories : Fluid Mechanics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE