Accession Number : ADA192689

Title :   Exercise Patterns in the U.S. Navy.

Descriptive Note : Interim rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA

Personal Author(s) : Nice, D S ; Conway, Terry L

PDF Url : ADA192689

Report Date : 11 Jan 1988

Pagination or Media Count : 217

Abstract : Although exercise is an important lifestyle behavior in both health promotion and disease prevention, little is known about the frequency or duration of exercise participation or the sociodemographic distribution of exercise activities in the U.S. Navy. Objectives of this study were to (a) document the exercise activities of U.S. Navy personnel, and (b) identify sociodemographic and environmental factors associated with exercise intensity. Participants were 2704 men and 334 women randomly selected for a Navy-wide evaluation of the Health and Physical Readiness Program. Although six percent of the sample were completely inactive, most individuals reported participating in several exercise activities. Leading activities included walking, running, calisthenics, weight lifting, swimming and bicycling. While the preference for particular activities was generally similar between the U.S. Navy sample and previous national survey data, the intensity of the exercise activity was higher among Navy personnel. Exercise intensity was significantly (R = .51) predicted by perceived importance of being fit, childhood athletic experience, age, and smoking behavior--the latter two in a negative direction. The Navy's health promotion and physical fitness initiatives have helped create an environment in which health and physical readiness have been afforded an unequivocal, high priority, are assessed routinely, and have direct and far-reaching career implications.

Descriptors :   *EXERCISE(PHYSIOLOGY), *NAVAL PERSONNEL, DEMOGRAPHY, DISEASES, DISTRIBUTION, ENVIRONMENTS, HEALTH, INTENSITY, OPERATIONAL READINESS, PATTERNS, PHYSICAL FITNESS, PREVENTION, PROMOTION(ADVANCEMENT), SURVEYS, SWIMMING, TEST AND EVALUATION, WALKING

Subject Categories : Stress Physiology
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE