Accession Number : ADA192697
Title : Behavioral, Psychological, and Demographic Predictors of Physical Fitness.
Descriptive Note : Interim rept.,
Corporate Author : NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA
Personal Author(s) : Conway, Terry L
PDF Url : ADA192697
Report Date : 14 Dec 1987
Pagination or Media Count : 21
Abstract : Achieving higher levels of physical fitness has become a goal of many Americans both for personal reasons (e.g., improved health, appearance, and perceived well-being) and for organizational reasons (e.g., corporate cost savings with healthy employees; operational readiness for the military services). Understanding the factors which relate to physical fitness could help people improve their fitness levels. This study examined 1,357 Navy men to determine the associations between a variety of behavioral, psychological, and background factors and four components of physical fitness: (a) cardiorespiratory endurance (1.5-mile run), (b) muscular endurance (sit-ups), (c) flexibility (sit-and-reach test), and (d) body composition (estimated percent body fat). After controlling for exercise activities, physical fitness was positively associated with wellness behaviors, believing in the importance of physical fitness, expecting to reach/maintain ideal weight, being athletic as a youth, and years of schooling; fitness was negatively associated with tobacco use, preventive/avoidance behaviors, age, and ever being overweight. Identifying such factors may help to structure better fitness programs tailored to the individual.
Descriptors : *BEHAVIOR, *EXERCISE(PHYSIOLOGY), *PHYSICAL FITNESS, ADIPOSE TISSUE, AVOIDANCE, BACKGROUND, CORPORATIONS, COSTS, DEMOGRAPHY, ENDURANCE(GENERAL), ENDURANCE(PHYSIOLOGY), HEART, HUMAN BODY, MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), MUSCLES, OPERATIONAL READINESS, PREDICTIONS, PREVENTION, RESPIRATORY SYSTEM, SAVINGS, TOBACCO PLANTS, WEIGHT, YOUTH, TOBACCO SMOKING, PREVENTION
Subject Categories : Stress Physiology
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE