Accession Number : ADA192993

Title :   Development of a Small-Group Team Performance Taxonomy Based on Meta-Analysis.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1 May 86-31 Oct 87,

Corporate Author : EDUCATIONAL TESTING SERVICE PRINCETON NJ

Personal Author(s) : Freeberg, Norman E ; Rock, Donald A

PDF Url : ADA192993

Report Date : 31 Dec 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 94

Abstract : A meta analysis of the small-group team performance literature was used as the basis for deriving a classification system (taxonomy) that would help specify team characteristics most relevant to performance outcomes. Such an organizing framework represents a crucial first step toward enhancing the composition and training of Navy teams. From 117 research studies that met the criteria for inclusion--i.e., studies using small groups functioning as 'true' teams and providing suitable quantitative information--categories of dependent-independent variable linkages could be identified in terms of their effect-size magnitudes. Those values, as well as other quantitative attributes of the aggregated studies, made it possible to: (a) define a hierarchy of relative importance for the experimental variables (e.g., task complexity, structure and practice being among those of primary influence), (b) specify several input-process-output models in a presumed causal format, and (c) identify relational gaps to be filled by future research--i.e., based on data needed for more complete model specification. The information used for this study is incorporated in a public use data set, in spreadsheet format on PC floppy disk, for user special-needs analyses and for re-analyses as new study findings become available and are incorporated in the data set.

Descriptors :   *PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), *TEAMS(PERSONNEL), *NAVAL TRAINING, CLASSIFICATION, DOCUMENTS, HIERARCHIES, MODELS, NAVAL PERSONNEL, SPECIFICATIONS, TAXONOMY, TRAINING, VARIABLES, SKILLS, BEHAVIOR

Subject Categories : Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE