Accession Number : ADA193202

Title :   Multi-Echelon Inventory Systems with Lateral Supply: A Technical Note,

Corporate Author : LOGISTICS MANAGEMENT INST BETHESDA MD

Personal Author(s) : Sherbrooke, Craig C

PDF Url : ADA193202

Report Date : Jan 1988

Pagination or Media Count : 36

Abstract : Exact analytic solutions to many logistics problems can be obtained only by making unrealistic simplifying assumptions. An alternative is to construct efficient computational techniques that provide close approximations to the solutions of the real problems over a large range of simulated situations. The author chose to take that approach in this analysis of a long-standing and difficult problem. Approximations are developed to estimate the expected backorders in a multiechelon system in which lateral supply actions between bases are allowed when a backorder occurs. These approximations are easy to compute, and the average absolute error is less than 3 percent when items are depot-reparable, even when bases are dissimilar; the average error is nearly 5 percent, however, and the technique is less convincing when items are base-reparable. The average number of units of an item that are in repair and resupply is referred to as the pipeline. The benefit of lateral supply is negligible unless the spares in the system exceed the pipeline, and lateral supply is rarely needed when spares are more than 1.5 to 2 times the pipeline. However, for intermediate spares values, lateral supply provides large improvements in both absolute and percentage terms. Backorder reductions of 30 to 50 percent are not uncommon, and a 72-percent reduction was observed in one case.

Descriptors :   *INVENTORY ANALYSIS, APPROXIMATION(MATHEMATICS), COMPUTATIONS, EFFICIENCY, ERRORS, INVENTORY, LOGISTICS, MATHEMATICAL ANALYSIS, REPAIR, SIMULATION, PROBLEM SOLVING, SPARE PARTS, TABLES(DATA)

Subject Categories : Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE