Accession Number : ADA194088

Title :   Psychological Means: The Neglected Instrument of Power in the U.S. Strategic Arsenal.

Descriptive Note : Study project,

Corporate Author : ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA

Personal Author(s) : Altshuler, Herbert L

PDF Url : ADA194088

Report Date : 12 Apr 1988

Pagination or Media Count : 36

Abstract : The study of national strategy must begin with an understanding of the components of strategy in general. Various definitions of strategy, regardless of their source all seem to agree on three basic tenants; a purpose for which the strategy is formed, a plan by which the strategy will be implemented, and tools, weapons or instruments with which the plan will be executed. In the international arena, nations identify the purpose of their national strategy in terms of national objectives. These are the ends sought by the strategy. Implementing plans are the ways, and the tools, weapons and instruments are the means. The arsenal of means available to each player in the game of international strategy economic, military, and socio-psychological instruments. These instruments are used alone or in concert with one another as the situation dictates, and some are not used at all. The United States has traditionally utilized the economic and military means in pursuit of national strategy. Although diplomacy has been more widely used in the second half of this century, socio-psychological means are still not effectively utilized. This paper examines the psychological instrument of statecraft as it relates to public opinion, foreign policy, and national security strategy. It defines its terms, examines its employment, discusses limitations to its effectiveness, and describes requirements for its future applications.

Descriptors :   *FOREIGN POLICY, *NATIONAL SECURITY, *PSYCHOLOGY, *PUBLIC OPINION, GAME THEORY, INSTRUMENTATION, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, POWER, STRATEGY, UNITED STATES, WEAPONS, UNCONVENTIONAL WEAPONS

Subject Categories : Psychology
      Sociology and Law
      Government and Political Science

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE