Accession Number : ADA194366

Title :   Smoking and Soldier Performance: A Literature Review.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : RESEARCH SOLUTIONS INC COLUMBUS GA

Personal Author(s) : Dyer, Frederick N

PDF Url : ADA194366

Report Date : Jun 1986

Pagination or Media Count : 227

Abstract : Research was reviewed on smoking as it relates to soldier performance for the US Army Medical Research and Development Command. The research reviewed was related to position disclosure in combat; the effects of smoking on physical work capacity and endurance; the effects of smoking on perceptual processes; the effects of smoking on arousal and ability to deal with stress, pain, and fear; smoking-induced hormonal changes; the effects of tobacco deprivation; smoking-disease relationships and their effects on productivity and absenteeism; smoking and abuse of other substances, delinquency, and accidents; and associations between smoking and other factors of potential relevance to soldier performance. Among the main findings, the review disclosed detrimental effects of smoking on physical performance of soldiers, particularly soldiers with several years of tobacco exposure. The review also identified nicotine-related improved performance on vigilance and rapid information processing tasks, including tasks that may be relevant to some soldier tasks. It alos showed a constellation of negative behaviors that are correlated with smoking such as drug abuse, delinquency, and driving accidents. Research in many areas critical to soldier performance, such as the effects of smoking on dark adaptation and the effects of smoking on testosterone production, showed contradictory results that need additional research for resolution. Needs for additional research on smoking and soldier performance were included as a final chapter of this report. Keywords: Tobacco smoking.

Descriptors :   *PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), *TOBACCO PLANTS, ACCIDENTS, ARMY PERSONNEL, ARMY RESEARCH, DARK ADAPTATION, DELINQUENCY, DEPRIVATION, DRUG ABUSE, FEAR, INFORMATION PROCESSING, LITERATURE SURVEYS, MEDICAL RESEARCH, PAIN, PRODUCTION, PRODUCTIVITY, TESTOSTERONE, TOBACCO SMOKING, VIGILANCE, WORK, EXPOSURE(PHYSIOLOGY), ENDURANCE(PHYSIOLOGY), TOXICITY, PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS, PERCEPTION

Subject Categories : Toxicology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE